Types of Voice and Data Cabling

In order to deliver information from one system to another, proper cabling is the most requirement of the framework.  Data cabling is considered as one of the efficient and viable networks when it comes to the communication purposes. The systems that are used for transmitting and receiving of information may differ as per the given circumstances and advancement in technology like computer, telephones, fax, television and so on.

However, voice and data cabling is still considered as the most trusted, efficient and appropriate information system of today. For the proper data cabling installation, one must need to know different types of data cable available in market before getting into any sort of action. Numbers of different data cables can be used to transmit and receive data depending upon the budget and scenario. Following are some of the different types of data cable

Voice and Data Cabling Services

Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP):

UTP is the cheapest and most affordable type of data cable available in market these days. UTP data cable basically consists of twisted wires in couple from one end to another. The utilitarian approach for twisting the wires is to avoid the distortion and interference that may arise from radio or electrical influences. When it comes to voice communication through Unshielded Twisted Pair, it is said that these wires can bear the interference up to a limit then it may distort the communication.

Unshielded Twisted Pair Cable

Shielded Twisted Pair (STP):

STP is basically an advanced and moderate form of UTP. It is somewhat similar to UTP but slightly expensive. The only difference regarding the STP is its protection system. The pair of twisted wires within a cable framework is shielded by metal band. This protection helps the STP data cable to bear the distortion and interference to an advanced level as compared to UTP, hence providing a more secured and stable connection.

Shielded Twisted Pair Cable


When it comes to the transaction of voice data, this type of data cable is commonly used across the globe. Copper core is one of those elements that are said to be most efficient for transmitting data; Coaxial cable is made up pure copper core. The copper core is further protected with metal shield and thick barrier of plastic to strengthen its data transmitting capabilities. Coaxial cable is said to have better stability as compared to STP and UTP. The enhanced protection system uplifts its ability to filter multiple frequencies simultaneously. Unlike STP / UTP, the installation procedure of the coaxial data cable is quite complex, therefore it is highly suggested that it should be done under the supervision of qualified, certified and authorized professionals only.

Coaxial Cable

Fiber Optic:

Fiber Optic is the latest innovation in the field of voice and data cabling. It is the most expensive of all the types of different data cables, as of now. It is believed that Fiber Optics is the most efficient, and possesses superlative degree of quality when it comes to provide a secured, fast, and reliable information channel. Fiber optics is manufactured using flexible core of glass. Rather than transmitting standard data bits like STP / UTP / Coaxial data cable do, it works on the phenomenon of transmitting light energy. This completely eliminates the chances of possible interference from elective and radio frequency based devices. Furthermore, fiber optic cable is much capable of sending the data over longer distances as compared to other types of data cables.

Fiber Optic Cable

Bottom – Line:

In order to select the most appropriate type of data cable for your framework, it is highly suggested that you should discuss it with a professional, certified and authorized voice and data cabling specialist in the similar field.